The Four-Day Work Week: A Gift or a Curse?

Written for Leadership Wellness Lab. Check out the portfolio page for this client.

In recent months, the topic of the “four-day work week” has become more prevalent as the global workforce re-examines how we think about our typical work routines. At first glance, this sounds wonderful. After all, who hasn’t wished for more long weekends? 

A four-day work week can address workforce burnout issues, providing opportunities for some types of employees to rest and restore. There are two main approaches to the four-day work week, however, and the pros and cons vary greatly depending on the industry, position, and personal preferences of each employee. 

The “condensed week”

Unfortunately, a four day work week does not always translate to less overall work. Belgium recently announced a six-month trial in which employees have the right to request and be granted a shortened work week, but with the same expected hours and productivity as before. This approach leads to fewer, longer days.

For those who have control over their work-life balance such as many freelancers and self-employed business owners, a condensed four-day work week can be an excellent option. This approach is also great for employees and senior executives whose performance is assessed based on cumulative performance rather than daily performance targets. A condensed week allows them to be productive when work is busy, and enjoy non-work activities when it is slow.

For other employees, however, the condensed week can lead to an increase in stress and pressure during those longer days. And for those working with time-sensitive deadlines, they may find themselves pressured to work on their days off.

The “reduced workload”

Some countries, like Scotland, are exploring a 20% reduced hourly work week without pay reduction. Employers are able to offer a better work environment without the cost of increased salaries, and there is evidence to suggest that this setup encourages better productivity in workers.

This approach could be great for individuals who are reasonably financially secure and are looking for a more relaxed work-life balance. The extra weekday can be used for appointments, errands, or a relaxing day off.

For workers who rely on an hourly wage, however, a reduction in workload means a reduction in income. It can also mean higher expectations during the hours they are on shift in order to accomplish necessary weekly tasks.

The solution

It’s clear that this is not a one-size-fits-all situation. What the workplace needs is a reimagining of organizational work culture. 

When it comes to implementing a four-day work week, employers should consider impacts beyond the allocation of work hours, which can vary widely according to industry and employee circumstances. They also must re-examine their productivity expectations given the shortened work week. 

The key? Focus on managing energy rather than time. The best way to set employees up for success is to create conditions in which they can be both productive and well-rested.

Your Business Instagram Checklist

Have you ever gone to a business’s Instagram page and thought that it looked a lot like a personal one? That’s something business owners should avoid at all costs.

What’s the difference?

A personal Instagram page has a completely different goal from a business one. Personal pages are usually used to share photos of family, hobbies, pets, or lifestyle with an audience mostly comprised of people you know. Most users post whatever they want, whenever they feel like it.

Business pages, on the other hand, are a Marketing tool. They help you understand your audience, attract potential customers to your website, and spread brand awareness. You should be just as strategic about what you post on Instagram as you are about arranging your storefront or designing your website.

What happens if I am my brand?

There’s nothing wrong with showing the face behind the business. In fact, I strongly encourage it! All you are doing is sharing your WHY: the story behind your work that makes you different from your competition. But there is a difference between sharing your WHY (which is business-focused) and sharing your every day life with your customers.

Not every post has to be “salesy” or a beautiful product shot, but each one does have to add value to your followers. Industry or company updates, tips, relevant articles, and behind-the-scenes photos are all great examples.

“People don’t buy what you do; they buy why you do it.” – Simon Sinek

The Checklist

Your Profile

  1. Make sure you’re using an Instagram business page. It’ll give you access to valuable analytics and the ability to advertise and promote posts.
  2. Write a concise bio that explains what you do and how you can help your customers.
  3. Ensure your website is pointing visitors to the first page you want them to see. This might not be your general homepage, but a landing page made specifically for your Instagram visitors. For example, the website listed on my profile is, which is an at-a-glance page designed for small and medium business owners. That way, I can tell them everything I want them to know with less of a risk that they’ll click away from my homepage.
  4. Ensure that your profile photo is a high-resolution version of your logo or representative photo.
  5. Make use of Instagram profile highlights! Here’s a great article to get you started.

Before You Post

  1. Is your photo high-resolution and high quality?
  2. Is your photo and caption relevant to your business and desired customers?
  3. Are you using great hashtags? (Keep an eye out for an upcoming blog on this topic!)
  4. Have you tagged a location and relevant accounts?
  5. Are you posting at a time of day when your audience is likely to be online?
  6. Does this post align with your digital communications strategy? (Don’t have one? I can help you with that…)

Social Listening: The Most Important Thing You Should be Doing Right Now

Reading time: 5 minutes

If you’re not an essential service, chances are that you’ve had to close or decrease your business for the last two months. To ensure you’ll hit the ground running once quarantine is lifted, you should be social listening.

“Social listening is the monitoring of your brand’s social media channels for any customer feedback and direct mentions of your brand or discussions regarding specific keywords, topics, competitors, or industries, followed by an analysis to gain insights and act on those opportunities.”


I would expand Hubspot’s definition of social listening to include scanning the wider social media landscape outside of your own channels.

Your Customers are Changing.

According to a 2009 study in the European Journal of Social Psychology, it takes an average of 66 days for a group of people to form a new habit in their life. As of this blog, it has been 57 days since the Ontario state of emergency was declared on March 17, and it will be in effect until at least June 2.

This means you need to completely re-examine your understanding of your customers’ product preferences, spending patterns, and moods.

People make purchases based on their values, priorities, and sense of identity. A big change in society like a pandemic is certainly going to change how we feel about our own sense of security. For example, I believe there will be a shift toward more long-lasting, higher-end products, now that we’ve had to do without repair or replacement services. I also believe there may be a desire for beauty over cost-saving, thanks to days and weeks spent staring at our interior decorating choices.

“The CDC and World Health Organizations are stressing the importance of proper handwashing and doing it often. This is bound to influence people to live healthier lives, which is a win for retailers selling healthier foods and sustainable products. It will move consumers to evaluate things from a different perspective.”

Michael Barbera, Chief Behaviour Officer at Clicksuation Labs via Forbes

Following social media will help inform your future product offerings. Image-based platforms like Instagram and Pinterest will show you what consumers are looking to buy once the pandemic is over. Tracking relevant hashtags will let you peek into consumer conversations – are they experiencing frustrations with certain types of products or services? What are they turning to right now?

Following online conversations will keep your content relevant. Customers are being bombarded with COVID-19 announcements from every business they’ve ever subscribed to. Don’t be yet another generic email in their inbox. Take those frustrations that you’re seeing on Twitter or Reddit and provide solutions.

My optometrist recently emailed me with methods to reduce eye strain from increased screen exposure. They have examined their audience's new daily routines and recognized an issue that needed to be solved. This is exactly the kind of content I want to see - topical, useful, and relevant to their core service. 

Listening to your customers can provide opportunities. By following your followers, you may come across a non-profit that is supporting people in your industry, or influencers who might be open to a collaboration. It’s a great time to build partnerships and genuine relationships.

Your Competitors are Adapting.

While you’re doing your daily social listening, don’t forget to check out what your competition is saying and selling. If they have caught wind of a new trend or are planning a new product line, you’ll probably see hints of it in their social media.

The most obvious change that many businesses are taking advantage of is an increase in online spending. According to a survey of over 1,500 people on March 20, 24% of Canadians planned to increase their online spending during the coronavirus. After this is all over, many of those people will likely continue their newly formed habit of online spending, thanks to simple convenience. They’ll be expecting easy-to-navigate e-commerce sites, free shipping, and smart tools such as recommendation algorithms. Now might be the perfect time to start building your online shop.

I’ve seen many local businesses partner with each other and local charities during COVID-19. For example, Pressed For Time Panini has used Instagram to participate in collaborative giveaways and the Guelph Box subscription service. You never know where ideas will come from.

Some great tools for social listening are Hubspot, Hootsuite, or Tweetdeck.

Community-based Social Media Boosts Local Businesses during COVID-19

Read time: 2 minutes

Having a social media strategy is essential for businesses, especially small or local ones. Social media business pages are cheaper than radio or newspapers advertisements, and don’t require much infrastructure to run. Most importantly, social media provide the opportunity to create direct relationships and a sense of community with their customers, building brand loyalty and resiliency. This is proving extremely helpful for many local businesses whose existences are being threatened by COVID-19.

Many local business owners are especially great at taking a community approach to social media. Owners will answer every comment personally, take suggestions and concerns seriously, and participate in community events or markets. Customers come to care not just about the product or service, but about the owners and staff themselves, who just might be their neighbours. So when a crisis like COVID-19 forces owners to shutter their doors unexpectedly, the customers don’t disappear – in fact, they’re eager to help out as much as they can.

Every day, when I check my social media feeds, I see local businesses reaching out for support, and customers responding by writing encouraging comments, making purchases, and sharing posts with their friends. I even see local businesses sharing posts from other businesses – a true “We’re all in this together” mentality. This, in my opinion, demonstrates the best of what social media can do – rally a community together around a common cause.

I reached out to Jules Van Bergen and Dee Hernandez, the owners of Pressed for Time Paninis in Guelph (one of my favourite local restaurants), for their perspective. I’m a long-time follower of their Instagram account, and have seen first-hand how they’ve used it to stay close to their customers.

Q: Why did you originally decide to take such a personal approach to your social media accounts?

A: We have said from the beginning “we are our brand”. We wanted it to feel like we were cooking for you in our home kitchen surrounded by our plants and favorite cookbooks. We love that our guests know who’s preparing their food and coming up with all those puns! The Guelph community is extremely important to us, they are loyal and they care about supporting small business and community and that’s the reason we chose to start this journey exactly where we are. When you give a large company a sale, you don’t get a “little song and dance”. We want our followers to see investment in ourselves and our business when you look through our social media accounts. Our custom made t-shirts “paninis pay my bills” is the genuine truth, it’s just the two of us with no staff and that shines through, now more than ever. 

Like many restaurants, Pressed for Time Paninis has recently adapted to offer produce baskets and prepared meals, which has been well-received by customers. I was curious to learn how Jules and Dee are leveraging their social media community during COVID-19.

Q: How have you used social media to change the way you’re conducting business during COVID-19?

A: We have used social media to share information on our store hours, menus and notifying our followers of any new or changed procedures in this strange time we find ourselves in. We are posting about our prepared meals, produce baskets, gift cards/videos on how to buy them. We also started using Instagram as a store, a few days ago we added a button on our Instagram profile page where people can purchase gift cards, this shop feature was just released. We also have been using it as a communication tool to keep in touch with fellow business owners and our well missed guests of the Panini Palace! This communication led us to collaborate with local businesses for giveaways and participate in the Guelph Box subscription service, which allowed us to sell and distribute 225 bottles of our hot sauce to the community.

Sharing posts and showcasing profiles of local businesses has helped boost our business, along with the other activities mentioned. The number of weekly profile visits has just more than doubled in the last month, we’ve gained approximately 200 followers, and our story mentions have increased around 50%.

Jules and Dee say that 80% of their current customer base previously existed before COVID-19, which is a clear example of the loyalty their customers feel toward their business. It isn’t the social media platforms themselves that have created that loyalty, but Jules and Dee’s brand and personalities, authentically reflected in their online presence.

“While we still feel the uncertainty of the world right now, we don’t feel we would have to permanently close if we didn’t have a social media community. We attribute this due to the loyal local community support we have surrounding our business, and this amazing downtown neighborhood we are lucky to be a part of.  There are other tools we can and have been using to help get the information out there – for example: our website and monthly newsletters, advertising through Guelph today and 3rd party delivery services such as Skip the dishes and Uber Eats, selling our products at other local businesses, as well as distributing updated menus to neighborhoods.”

Based on this testimony, and what I’m seeing on my own feeds, I conclude that while social media communities may not be the only thing holding up local businesses right now, they are certainly providing a boost during this time of crisis. It’s a pretty compelling argument to inject authenticity and personality into your social media accounts.

On that note, if you’re a small business owner and need some help communicating with your customers during this time, I have capacity for some pro bono work such as press releases or email statements. Please reach out to me.

For information on how to support local businesses, check out the following resources:
Coronavirus is hurting small businesses. Here’s how to help. (Global News)
Guelph Coronavirus Community Response, a Community-sourced page for people needing and offering help.

Communication: Your Ticket to Recruiting Great Volunteers

Volunteers are extraordinarily valuable to organizations, especially non-profits and charities. They extend capacity, often allowing an organization to offer more programs and services to the community it serves. Great volunteers also bring perspective, skills, and diversity. If you’re looking for new volunteers, how do you attract great ones to your network? It comes down to the way you communicate during and after the recruitment process.

The first thing a prospective volunteer will do is Google you. Your website is likely geared toward your customers and patrons, so you’ll want to create a specific page for volunteer information. Gear the tone and messaging to the volunteers you are hoping to attract; for example, can the role be filled by someone who has a full-time job and family commitments, or are you hoping for a retired person who may have some more time on their hands? Clearly lay out your needs and requirements, but understand that you may have to make adjustments based on the skills, interests, and availability of your candidates. For example, many organizations I’ve worked with hold volunteer meetings in the evenings so that the work day is unaffected.

Avoid an overly “salesy” tone, and opt for a more conversational or personal one. Remember, time is more valuable than money, and you’ll need to make a meaningful connection if you’re going to convince them to share their finite number of daily hours with you.

Volunteer candidates have different motivations than employees; they can’t be tempted by a competitive salary or a good benefits package. While they may sincerely want to contribute to your cause, they may also be looking for an opportunity to develop skills, make friends and connections, or build their portfolio. Don’t focus solely on what you want your volunteers to do for you; instead, explain how it can be a mutually beneficial relationship. This diagram from Volunteer Canada demonstrates the many values of volunteering:

Once you have chosen a candidate, ensure that they have a positive onboarding experience. Keep up the momentum of that initial connection by giving them the attention you’d give any new employee: information, expectations, and a project they can start on right away. More than once, I’ve heard of volunteers leaving after only a few months with an organization because there was a lack of direction about what they should be doing. This can be avoided by designating a volunteer coordinator or point of contact who will be able to address any questions or concerns. It can be hard to allocate this kind of time with limited resources, but it’s worth developing a welcome package and other communications for the long-term engagement of your volunteers.

Your volunteers can become your biggest champions. Be sure to collect feedback through regular meetings and an annual survey. Testimonials and stories can be used for blog content, marketing tools, and recruitment, so don’t be afraid to ask your volunteers to share their experiences. It also won’t hurt to hold Volunteer Appreciation events every so often. Let’s celebrate our volunteers, the heart and soul of our community!

Written in celebration of National Volunteer Week. To learn more, and for volunteer management resources, visit the Volunteer Canada website.